Forms of play and Techniques

Various forms of play are used at different stages of the play therapy process, depending on the needs and preferences of the client. Below a brief explanation of various forms of play and the techniques I use in therapy will be discussed:

Dramatized play

  • Through the use of various dramatized (lived out) play techniques clients are able to re-enact different situations in their lives. In this way they gain a sense of control over certain situations and they develop a sense of insight as it creates an opportunity for the client to see things from another's point of view. Furthermore, the client has an opportunity to learn the roles that others and themselves play in certain situations, thereby connecting them emotionally to the experience. Some examples of creative play are listed below:
    • role-playing
    • puppets
    • dolls,
    • dance/movement exercises,
    • dress up
    • telephone play

Creative Play

  • Creative play is another outlet for unexpressed emotions. By offering the client a creative outlet (of his choice) to express himself, he not only feels freedom and empowerment but also relief and satisfaction as what he has struggled to put into words is finally let out through a creative form of expression. Below some creative mediums are listed:
    • Play doughstationery
    • Sandtray
    • Drawing and Artwork
    • Reflective writing

Biblio Play

  • For a client who finds difficulty in expressing his/ her emotions the use of music lyrics, poetry, stories etc. also create an opportunity to project his inner emotions/experiences to something else and hence identify his feelings in that way. The fact that the story/ song/ poem is not directly about the client, gives them space and security while at the same time, giving them a voice to express themselves sometimes in a way they would never be able to in their own words. Some examples of biblio-play are listed below:
    • Poetry
    • Music
    • Stories
    • Letter writing
    • Work sheets
"Children don't really care how much you know, they care how much you care.’                                                                                                               - Dr Garry Landreth

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